Did you know that more than 37 million Americans have diabetes? This equals out to about 1 in every 10. Of those with diabetes, 90-95% of them are what is considered type 2. This means that there is a problem with the way the body regulates and uses sugar as a fuel. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders in the circulatory, nervous, and immune systems. Unfortunately, many people live with this disorder for years without even knowing it. Take a look at these 4 signs of type 2 diabetes to be aware of:
1. Unintended Weight Loss
In most cases, weight loss is a good sign. However, there are those exceptions to the rule and this is one of those times. If you have not been actively trying to lose weight and notice that you are shedding pounds faster than normal, you will want to schedule an appointment with your doctor. There are many reasons that this could be happening, but one of those is that your body is not properly handling sugar which is causing you to lose weight faster.
2. Increased Thirst
Many of the signs of type 2 diabetes are things that don’t make people think twice, such as experiencing an increased thirst. While you will naturally have some days where you are more thirsty, it should not be a continued trend. If you find yourself constantly having to have something to drink or you have a prolonged time with a dry mouth, it’s best to get it checked. While there are many causes, it can be a sign of prediabetes or even a transition into type 2 diabetes. When your kidneys can’t keep up, the excess glucose is excreted into your urine, which will leave you feeling thirsty.
3. Blurred Vision
Having too much glucose in your bloodstream, outside where it belongs, can lead to damage to the blood vessels and nerves throughout your body, including in your eyes. This can lead to blurred vision. In addition, there are also different types of diabetic eye disease, including diabetic retinopathy, macular edema, glaucoma, and cataracts. Any of these conditions can have a harmful effect on your vision, and in some cases can cause you to go completely blind.
4. Areas of Darkened Skin
In addition to the inner problems that type 2 diabetes can cause, you may first notice the changes in your outer appearance. A condition known as acanthosis nigricans is common among those with diabetes. It can cause darkened and thickened skin that resembles a small wart and can turn a tan or brown color. This mostly occurs in the folds of your skin, such as in the armpits and under your neck. Sometimes, this begins to happen during prediabetes as it is a sign of insulin resistance in your body.
Would you like to learn more about the signs of type 2 diabetes and how to best treat it? Contact us to speak with one of our pharmacists who are happy to answer any questions that you may have!